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© 2016 by Nicole Craanen

 

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5. PRESENCE OF WATER

PATTERNS

  • INCREASE Heart Rate Recovery (8)
  • RESTORE Energy (7)
  • IMPROVE Relaxation (7, 8)
PHYSICAL
INTELLECTUAL
  • INCREASE Attentiveness (2, 8, 9)
  • IMPROVE Mental Engagement (2, 8)
  • INCREASE Productivity (2)
EMOTIONAL
  • POSITIVELY Impact Emotional State (3-5, 7)
  • FASTER Stress Recovery (1, 8)
  • IMPROVE Relaxation (8)
  • REDUCE Feelings of Anger, Aggression and Fear (4)
  • INCREASE Preference (3-7)
SOCIAL
  • REDUCE Feelings of Anger, Aggression and Fear (4)

WELL-BEING BENEFITS

“Not necessary to life, but rather life itself, you fill us with a gratification that exceeds the delight of the senses. Of the riches that exist in the world, you are the rarest and also the most delicate: you, water, are a proud divinity.” 

-Antoine de Saint-Exupéry  

 

THE BASICS

 

Presence of Water offers many of the benefits listed in Visual Connection with NatureNon-Visual Connection with Nature and Non-Rhythmic Sensory Stimuli.  Water contact improves restorative responses and preference (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).  It's interaction with sunlight, reflectivity, and motion contributes to rhythmic and Unexpected Sensory Stimuli, creating a calming effect and reducing stress.  As far as preference is concerned, market value of housing near a presence of water gives an indication of how highly these locations are valued. 

4

th

most wanted element in the workplace (6)

view of the sea is the 

We use water for sustenance, recreation,

contemplation, healing, religion, and inspiration

Multi-Sensory Experience

 

 

Touch: The ability to touch water or watch aquatic elements (a fish tank or movement of natural water and animal life surrounding it) increases complexity and allows a multi-sensory experience (visual, auditory, haptic, and olfactory).  

 

 

Sound: Restoration can be up to 37% faster when using nature sounds as white noise than with louder urban noises (7) But water that is too loud may be considered distracting.  

 

Moving water even has the capability to vary in ways that mimic music, something humans have been drawn to likely as long as they have connected to nature (8).  

 

Research Fun Fact #14:  Reaction to sound can be manipulated through imagery

Ocean waves and car traffic have a similar frequency and are perceived a constant roar.

Participants who saw an image of an ocean while hearing traffic noises responded to the sounds as pleasurable, but when viewing an image of traffic, found the same sounds displeasing (9)

Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen

Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen

Keep it clean!
The added benefits disappear when the water appears dirty and stagnant

 

(in fact, there can even be negative effects)

PRESENCE OF WATER CAN BE INTEGRATED AT A VARIETY OF SCALES (10)

 

Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen

SMALLSCALE

A structural component of the fundamental design of the building,

with its absence requiring significant changes

Strictly interior element, with no tie to the architecture (almost as furniture)

 

  • Simulated: Direct Experience

    • Roof top gardens and green roofs

    • Shape of plumbing fixtures (mini waterfall?)

    • Interior pool

    • Aquarium

    • Waterfall, fountain or cascading water that produces sounds

  • Simulated: Indirect Experience

    • Materials or lighting that evoke water

    • Integration of sculpture or art in a water feature that can add beauty, a moment for attention restoration, and/or sound

    • Use of an audible water feature or a digital representation of water as white noise

 

  • Simulated: Direct Experience

    • Interior pool

    • Aquarium

    • Waterfall, fountain or cascading water that produces sounds

  • Simulated: Indirect Experience

    • Integration of sculpture or art in a water feature that can add beauty, a moment for attention restoration, and/or sound

 

  • Naturally Occurring

    • ​Integrated connection to river, stream or lake

  • Simulated: Direct Experience

    • Pool Feature

    • Exterior water gardens

    • Roof top gardens and green roofs

    • Waterfall, fountain or cascading water that produces sounds

    • Use of elements to blur the distinction between inside and out (reflecting pool, wall adjacent to feature, actual flow of water)

       

 

  • Naturally Occurring

    • ​Integrated connection to river, stream or lake

  • Simulated: Direct Experience

    • Roof top gardens and green roofs unified with landscape

    • Use of elements to blur the distinction between inside and out (reflecting pool, wall adjacent to feature, actual flow of water from outdoor to indoor)

It can serve to integrate the large-scale landscape, to connect the building to its environment

It can connect the building to the immediately surrounding environment without connection to the building itself or the wider landscape.

1

2

LARGE SCALE

3

4

 

Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen

Some more Great Examples of Presence of Water

(a range of applications & styles is are shown below)

Venice, Italy
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
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Cenote
Riviera Maya, Mexico
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
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Sailing Club
Nha Trang, Vietnam
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
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Siam Paragon Mall
Bangkok, Thailand
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
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Lotus Temple
New Dehli, India
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Boboli Gardens
Florence, Italy
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Pantheon - after rain
Rome, Italy
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Costa Restaurant
Nha Trang, Vietnam
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Ireland
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Trevi Fountain
Rome, Italy
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
UW-Madison - Discovery Building
Waterfall
Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
The Louvre
Paris, France
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Columbia St. Mary's Hospital -
View from patient room
Milawukee, Wisconsin, USA
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Glendale, Wisconsin, USA
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Tower Bridge
London, England
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen
Oberbaum Bridge
Berlin, Germany
Photo Credit: Nicole Craanen